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Настройка Debian 6 + PHP 5.4 + PHP-FPM + MySQL + Bitrix

Ниже приведен алгоритм настройки и конфиги #VPS с Debian 6 32bit, 128Мб оперативной памяти и 128Мб свопа для комфортной работы на нем 1C-Битрикс:Стандарт.

Обновление системы и настройка необходимых репозиториев

 apt-get update && apt-get -y upgrade && apt-get -y install mc htop

Подключаем репозитории Dotdeb, для того что бы установить PHP5.4 + PHP-FPM:

  1. Добавьте в файл: /etc/apt/sources.list следующие строки:
deb http://packages.dotdeb.org squeeze all
deb-src http://packages.dotdeb.org squeeze all
  1. Для инсталяции PHP 5.4 на Debian 6.0 “Squeeze” нужно добавить строки:
deb http://packages.dotdeb.org squeeze-php54 all
deb-src http://packages.dotdeb.org squeeze-php54 all
    1. Установите ключи доступа к репозиторию GnuPG key
wget http://www.dotdeb.org/dotdeb.gpg
cat dotdeb.gpg | sudo apt-key add - 
  1. Обновите систему:
     # apt-get update && apt-get -y upgrade 

Устновка и настройка PHP+NGINX+MYSQL

 apt-get -y install mysql-server-5.5 nginx
 apt-get -y install php5-fpm php5-gd php5-curl php5-mcrypt php5-json
php5-apc php5-mysql

Настройки PHP

/etc/php5/php.ini дописать в конец файла строки:


;allow_call_time_pass_reference = On ;bitrix-env
max_execution_time = 300  ;bitrix-env
error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE ;bitrix-env
display_errors = On   ;bitrix-env
post_max_size = 24M   ;bitrix-env
enable_dl = Off    ;bitrix-env
upload_max_filesize = 24M  ;bitrix-env
;define_syslog_variables  = 1  ;bitrix-env
mbstring.func_overload = 2  ;bitrix-env
mbstring.internal_encoding = UTF-8 ;bitrix-env
;extension=geoip.so   ;bitrix-env
;extension=xdebug.so                    ;bitrix-env
;mysql.default_socket = /var/lib/mysqld/mysqld.sock ;bitrix-env
;sendmail_path = msmtp -t -i  ;bitrix-env
session.save_path = /temp/sessions/  ;bitrix-env
session.cookie_lifetime = 592000
session.gc_probability = 1
session.gc_divisor     = 500
session.gc_maxlifetime = 104800
realpath_cache_size = 4096k  ;bitrix-env
max_file_uploads = 100   ;bitrix-env
date.timezone = 'Europe/Moscow'
;sendmail_path = /usr/lib/sendmail -t -i -f MASTER@DOMAIN.RU

Обратите внимание, что нужно создать папку для сессий: /temp/sessions/ — с правами на запись пользователю www-data.

в /etc/php5/mods-available/apc.ini дописать:

 extension=apc.so apc.ttl = 30 apc.max_file_size = 4M 

Настройка хоста /etc/php5/pool.d/www.conf сводится к исправлению работы через сокет, на TCP: Меняем:

listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock

на

listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

Настройки Mysql


[client]
port		= 3306
socket		= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock

[mysqld_safe]
socket		= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
nice		= 0

[mysqld]
#
# * Basic Settings
#
user		= mysql
pid-file	= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
socket		= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
port		= 3306
basedir		= /usr
datadir		= /var/lib/mysql
tmpdir		= /tmp
# lc-message-dir is unknown to MySQL 5.1
#lc-messages-dir	= /usr/share/mysql
skip-external-locking
#
# Instead of skip-networking the default is now to listen only on
# localhost which is more compatible and is not less secure.
bind-address		= 127.0.0.1
#
# * Fine Tuning
#
table_open_cache = 256
key_buffer		= 4M
max_allowed_packet	= 16M
thread_stack		= 192K
thread_cache_size       = 8
# This replaces the startup script and checks MyISAM tables if needed
# the first time they are touched
myisam-recover         = BACKUP
max_connections        = 4
table_cache            = 256
#thread_concurrency     = 10
#
# * Query Cache Configuration
#
query_cache_limit	= 1M
query_cache_size        = 2M
#
# * Logging and Replication
#
# Both location gets rotated by the cronjob.
# Be aware that this log type is a performance killer.
# As of 5.1 you can enable the log at runtime!
#general_log_file        = /var/log/mysql/mysql.log
#general_log             = 1
#
# Error logging goes to syslog due to /etc/mysql/conf.d/mysqld_safe_syslog.cnf.
#
# Here you can see queries with especially long duration
#slow_query_log = 1
#slow_query_log_file = /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.log
#long_query_time = 2
#log-queries-not-using-indexes
#
# The following can be used as easy to replay backup logs or for replication.
# note: if you are setting up a replication slave, see README.Debian about
#       other settings you may need to change.
#server-id		= 1
#log_bin			= /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
#expire_logs_days	= 10
#max_binlog_size         = 100M
#binlog_do_db		= include_database_name
#binlog_ignore_db	= include_database_name
#
# * InnoDB
#
# InnoDB is enabled by default with a 10MB datafile in /var/lib/mysql/.
# Read the manual for more InnoDB related options. There are many!
#
# * Security Features
#
# Read the manual, too, if you want chroot!
# chroot = /var/lib/mysql/
#
# For generating SSL certificates I recommend the OpenSSL GUI "tinyca".
#
# ssl-ca=/etc/mysql/cacert.pem
# ssl-cert=/etc/mysql/server-cert.pem
# ssl-key=/etc/mysql/server-key.pem

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT
transaction-isolation = READ-COMMITTED
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 32M

[mysqldump]
quick
quote-names
max_allowed_packet	= 16M

[mysql]
#no-auto-rehash	# faster start of mysql but no tab completition

[isamchk]
key_buffer		= 8M
#
# * IMPORTANT: Additional settings that can override those from this file!
#   The files must end with '.cnf', otherwise they'll be ignored.
#

!includedir /etc/mysql/conf.d/

Настройки Nginx

/nginx/nginx.conf

user www-data;

worker_processes  1;

error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log warn;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
    }

    http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                    '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                    '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
   access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;
  ## Proxy
    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_set_header Host  $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    client_max_body_size 10m;
    client_body_buffer_size 128k;
    proxy_connect_timeout  90;
    proxy_send_timeout 90;
    proxy_read_timeout   90;
    proxy_buffers 8 16k;
    proxy_buffer_size 32k;
## Compression
        gzip on;
        gzip_types text/plain text/css application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;
        gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6].(?!.*SV1)";
    ### TCP options
        tcp_nodelay on;
        tcp_nopush on;
         keepalive_timeout 10;
       sendfile on;
      # include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
      include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
          }

/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default


 server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  domainname.ru;
       root   /var/www;
        index  index.php;
        access_log  /var/log/nginx/$host-access.log;

        autoindex off;
        gzip on; # use gzip compression
        gzip_proxied any; # enable proxy for the fcgi requests

        location / {
            try_files  $uri $uri/ @bitrix;
        }

        location ~ \.php$ {
          #  fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
	    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index index.php;
            include fastcgi_params;
            fastcgi_param   DOCUMENT_ROOT     $document_root;
            fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME   $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            fastcgi_param   PATH_INFO         $fastcgi_path_info;
            fastcgi_param   QUERY_STRING      $args;
            fastcgi_param   CONTENT_TYPE      $content_type;
            fastcgi_param   CONTENT_LENGTH    $content_length;
            fastcgi_param   SERVER_NAME       $server_name;
            fastcgi_param   REQUEST_URI       $request_uri;
            fastcgi_param   DOCUMENT_URI      $document_uri;
            fastcgi_param   REQUEST_METHOD    $request_method;
            fastcgi_param   REMOTE_ADDR       $remote_addr;
            fastcgi_param   REMOTE_USER       $remote_user;
            fastcgi_intercept_errors        on;
            fastcgi_ignore_client_abort     off;
            fastcgi_connect_timeout 60;
            fastcgi_send_timeout 180;
            fastcgi_read_timeout 180;
            fastcgi_buffer_size 128k;
            fastcgi_buffers 4 256k;
            fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 256k;
            fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;
        }

	  location @bitrix {
	    #fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
	    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            include fastcgi_params;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root/bitrix/urlrewrite.php;
        }

        location ~* ^.+\.(jpg|jpeg|gif|png|svg|js|css|mp3|ogg|mpe?g|avi|zip|gz|bz2?|rar|swf)$ {
            access_log        off;
            expires           max;
        }

        location ~ (/\.ht|/bitrix/modules|/upload/support/not_image) {
            deny all;
        }

        location ~ /.svn/ {
               deny all;
        }

        error_page  404              /404.html;
        location = /404.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        }

        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        }
}

    P.S. Статья обновляется.

4 Comments

  1. Замечательно, спасибо 🙂

  2. нашёл в чём проблемма нужно ещё установить

    apt-get -y install php5-mysql

  3. 1. В конфигурации PHP много закомментированных строк, не несущих смысловой нагрузки (хочется верить, что читатели всё-таки не совсем бездумно копипастят конфиги). Может быть, причешете?
    2. Из текста неясно, зачем перевешивать php-fpm с Unix-сокета на TCP. Это имеет смысл только если php-fpm и веб-сервер на разных машинах. Если они на одной, php-fpm лучше вешать на Unix-сокет — нагрузка меньше.
    3. Ни слова о настройке пула процессов FPM. По умолчанию пул статический, это лишняя трата памяти. Лучше использовать ondemand, время жизни по халяве можно выставить 10 секунд, а позже подправить исходя из нагрузки.

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